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      医学英文缩写

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      •aa.-of each[各]
      •Ab.-antibody[抗体]
      •abd.-abdomen[腹部]
      •ABG-arterial blood gas[动脉血气]
      •abn.-abnormal[异常]
      •ABp-arterial blood pressure[动脉压]
      •Abs.-absent[无]
      •abstr.-abstract[摘要]
      •a.c.-before meals[饭前]
      •Ach.-actylcholine[乙酰胆碱]
      •ACH.-adrenal cortical hormone[肾上腺皮质激素]
      •ACT.-active coagulative time[活化凝血时间]
      •ACTH.-adrenocorticotripic[促肾上腺皮质激素]
      •ad.(add.)-adde[加]
      •ad effect.-ad effectum [直到有效]
      •ADH.-antidiuretic hormone[抗利尿激素]
      •ad lib-at liesure[随意]
      •adm.(admin)-adminstration[给药]
      •ad us est.-for external use[外用]
      •af.-atrial fibrillation[房颤]
      •aF.-atrial flutter[房扑]
      •A/G ratio.-albumin-globulin ratio[白-球蛋白比]
      •AIDS.-acquired immune deficiency syndrome[爱滋病]
      •al.-left ear[左耳]
      •alb.-albumin[白蛋白]
      •AM.-before noon[上午]
      •amb.-ambulance[救护车]
      •amp.(ampul)-ampoule[安瓿]
      •ANA.-anesthesia[麻醉]
      •anal.-analgesic[镇痛药]
      •ap.-before dinner[饭前]
      •appr.(approx.)-approximately [大约]
      •AR.-aortic regurgitation[主闭]
      •AS.-aortic stenosis[主狭]
      •ASA.-aspirin[阿斯匹林]
      •ASD.-atrial septal defect[房缺]
      •AST.-aspartate transaminase[谷草转氨酶]
      •atm.(atmos.)-atomsphere[大气压]
      •ATS.-antitetanic serum[抗破伤风血清]
      •av.-average[平均]
      •Ba.-Barium[钡]
      •BBT.-basal body temperature[基础体温]
      •BCG.-bacille Calmette- Guerin[卡介苗]
      •biblio.-biliography[参考文献]
      •bid.-twice a day[每日二次]
      •b.m.-basal metabolism[基础代谢]
      •Bp.-blood pressure[血压]
      •bpm-baets per minute[次/分]
      •BS.-blood sugar[血糖]
      •BW.-body weight[体重]
      •C.- centigrade[摄氏温度计]
      •CA.-carcinoma[癌]
      •Cal.-cancer[癌]
      •Cal. 每 calorie[卡]
      •Cap. 每 capsule[囊]
      •C.B.C-complete blood count[血常规]
      •CC.-chief complaint[主诉]
      •CC. list.-critical condition list[病危通知单]
      •CCU.- Coronary care unit[冠心病监护室]
      •CD.-caesarean delivered[剖腹产]
      •CDC.-calculated date of confinement[预产期]
      •CEA.-carcinoembryonic antigen[癌胚抗原]
      •CG.-control group[对照组]
      •CK.-creatine kinase[肌酸激酶]
      •Cl.-centilitre[毫开]
      •cm.-centimetre[毫米]医学全在线www.med126.com
      •CNS.-central nervous system[中枢神经系统]
      •Co.-compound[复方]
      •contra.-contraindicated[禁忌]
      •CT.- computerized tomography[计算机断层扫描]
      •C.V-curriculum vitae[简历]
      •DBp-diastolic blood pressure[舒张压]
      •DD.- differential diagnosis[鉴别诊断]
      •dept.-department[科]
      •diag.-diagonsis[诊断]
      •DIC-disseminate intravascular coagulation[弥漫性血管内凝血]
      •dl.-deciliter[分升]
      •DM.-diabetic mellitus[糖尿病]
      •DM.-diastolic murmur[舒张期杂音]
      •D.O.A-dead on arrival[到达时已死亡]
      •DOB.-date of birth[出生日期]
      •Dr.-doctor[医生]
      •DIW.-dextrose in water[葡萄糖液]
      •D-5-W,-5% dextrose in water[5%葡萄糖液]
      •DU-duodenal ulcer[十二指肠溃疡]
      •ECG.(EKG.)- electrocardiograph[心电图]
      •ECHO .-echogram[超声]
      •EDD.(EDC)-expected date of delivery (confinement)[预产期]
      •ENT. 每 ears, nose and throat[五官科]
      •EMG. 每 electromyogram[肌电图]
      •ER. 每 emergency room[急诊室]
      •et al.-and elsewhere[等等]
      •etc. 每 and so forth[等等]
      •F.(Fahr.)-Fahrenheit [华氏]
      •F- Female[女性]
      •F.B.S.- fasting blood sugar[空腹血糖]
      •FDP.-fibrinogen degradation products[纤维蛋?#33258;亳到?#20135;物]
      •FFA. 每 free fatty acid[?#21355;?#33026;肪酸]
      •FUO. 每 fever of unknown origin[不明原因发热]
      •FX. 每 fracture [骨折]
      •GH. 每 growth hormone[生长素]
      •GI.- gastrointestinal[消化]
      •GITS. 每 gastrointestinal therapy system[胃肠治疗系统]
      •gtt. 每 drops[滴]
      •GU.- gastric ulcer[胃溃疡]
      •Hb. 每 hemoglobin[血红蛋白]
      •HBp.-high blood pressure[高血压]
      •HCG. 每 human choroionic gonadotropic hormone[人绒毛膜促性腺激素]
      •HDL.- high density lipoprotein[高密度脂蛋白]
      •HR.-heart rate[心率]
      •ht.-height[身高]
      •HTN.-hypertension[高血压]
      •Hx.-history [病历]
      •Hypo.-hypodermic injection[皮下注射]
      •IABP.-intra 每 aortic balloon pacing[主动脉内囊反搏]
      •I/O.-intake and output [进出量]
      •ICU. 每 intensive care unit[重症监护病房]
      •ie. 每 that is [即]
      •Ig. 每 immunoglobulin[免疫球蛋白]
      •Im. 每 iutramuscular[肌内的]
      •INH.- inhalation[吸入]
      •INH.- isoniazid[异烟肼]
      •Inj.- injection[注射]
      •Int.- intern[实习生]
      •IP.- in-patient[住院病入]
      •Iu.- international unit[国防单位]
      •IV.-intravenously[静脉内]
      •J.- joule[焦耳]


      •K.U.B- Kidney,ureter and bladder[肾﹜输尿管和膀胱]
      •LBp.-low blood pressure [低血压]
      •LC. 每 laparoscopic cholecystectomy[腹腔镜胆囊切除术]
      •LDL.-Low density lipoprotein[低密度脂蛋白]
      •Liq. 每 liquid[液体]
      •LMP.- last menstrual period[?#21019;?#26376;经]
      •LP. 每lumbar puncture[腰穿]
      •M. 每male[男性]
      •MCD.-mean corpuscular diameter[平均红细胞直径]
      •MCH.-mean corpuscular hemoglobin[平均红细胞血红蛋白量]
      •MCHC.-mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration[平均红细胞血红蛋白浓度]
      •MCV.-mean corpuscular volume[平均红细胞体积]
      •MI.-myocardial infarction[心梗]
      •min.-minute[分]
      •mixt﹝ 每mixture[合剂]
      •mmHg.- millimeters of mercury[毫米汞柱]
      •MRI.- magnetic resonance image[核磁共振]
      •MS.- mitral stenosis[二尖瓣狭窄]
      •N/V.-nausea and vomiting[恶心呕吐]
      •N.B 每 note bene [注意]
      •NE.- norepinephrine [去甲肾上腺炎]
      •neg.- negative[阴性的]
      •NIDDM.- non-insulin-dependent diabetis mellitus[II型糖尿病]
      •norm.- normal[正常的]
      •NPN.-non-protein nitrogen[非蛋白氮]
      •NPO.- non-peros[禁食]
      •NS. 每normal saline[生理盐水]
      •OB.- obstetrics [产科学]
      •OGTT.- oral glucose tolerance test[口服糖耐量试验]
      •OP.- out-patient[门诊病人]
      •OPC.- out-patient clinic[门诊]
      •OR.- operating room[手术室]
      •OT. 每 old tuberculin[旧结核菌素]
      •P-pulse[脉搏]医学全在线www.med126.com
      •P.C.- post cibum [饭后]
      •PE. (Px.)- physical examination[体检]
      •PG. 每 prostaglandin[前列腺素]
      •PH. 每 past history [过去史]
      •PHI. 每 present history illness[现病史]
      •PM.- post meridiem[下午]
      •Post-op.- postoperation[术后]
      •pre-op.- preoperation[术前]
      •priv. 每 private[私人的]
      •prn.-pro re nata[必要时]
      •prog.- prognosis[预后]
      •P.S. 每 postscript[附言]
      •Psy.- psychiatry[精神病学]
      •psychol. 每 psychology[心理学]
      •PT. 每 physical therapy[物理?#21697;沘
      •PT.- prothrombin time[凝血酶原时间]
      •qd.- quaque die [每日一次]
      •qid.-quater in die [每日四次]
      •qn.-quaque nocte[每晚]
      •RBC.-red blood count[红细胞计数]
      •ref.-reference[参考文献]
      •RHD.-Rheumatic heart disease[风心病]
      •RI.-regular insulin[正规胰岛素]
      •rout.-routin[常规]
      •RT.-radiotherapy[放射治疗]
      •SBE 每subacute bacterial endocarditis[亚急性细菌性心内膜炎]
      •Seq.-sequela[后遗症]
      •sex.-sexual[性别的]
      •sig.-signa[标明用法]
      •SK.-streptokinase[链激酶]
      •SLE.-sgstemic lupus erythematosus[系统?#38498;?#26001;狼疮]
      •SM.-systolic murmur[收缩期杂音]
      •SR.-sinus rhythm[?#22841;?#33410;律]
      •SSS.-sick sinus syndrome[病?#30002;蛜险躕
      •ST.- skin test[皮试]
      •stat.- at once[立即]
      •Sx.- symptom or sign[症状或体征]
      •Syr.- syrup[糖浆]
      •Tab.- stablet[片剂]
      •TAT.- toxin-antitoxin[毒素抗毒素]
      •TB.-tuberculosis[结核]
      •tid.- three times daily[每日三次]
      •TSH.- thyroid-stimulating hormone[促甲状腺激素]
      •us.- ultrasound[超声]
      •VIP.- very important person[贵宾]
      •Vit.- vitamine[维生素]
      •VSD.- ventricular septal defect[室缺]
      •VMA.- hydroxymandelic acid[香草杏仁酸]
      •WBC.- white blood cell[白细胞]
      •Wt.- weight[体重]
      •Y/O.- years old [岁]

      20﹜What kind of medicine is this?
      ﹛﹛这是一?#36136;?#20040;药呢ˋ

      21﹜I hate injections, Can I take the medicine orally?
      ﹛﹛我不?#19981;?#25171;针ㄛ能吃些口服药吗ˋ

      22﹜Can it be cured?
      ﹛﹛能治好么ˋ

      23﹜Will it get worse?
      ﹛﹛能变坏吗ˋ

      24﹜What could it be?
      ﹛﹛可能是什么病呢ˋ

      25﹜What do you think?
      ﹛﹛你认为怎样ˋ

      26﹜Can anything be done for pain?
      ﹛﹛对于这种疼痛ㄛ有没有办法呢ˋ

      27﹜Whateverr you say.
      ﹛﹛听从你的意见﹝

      28﹜Since two or three weeks.
      ﹛﹛大约两三周前﹝

      29﹜About when?
      ﹛﹛大约在什么时间了ˋ

      30﹜Is it contagious?
      ﹛﹛这病传染吗ˋ

      31﹜I feel dizzy(feverish, shivery, sleepy, like vomiting, nauseous itching, weak, irritated).
      ﹛﹛我感到头?#21361;?#21457;烧ㄛ发冷ㄛ发困ㄛ想吐ㄛ恶心ㄛ痒ㄛ虚?#37232;?#24613;躁ㄘ﹝

      32﹜I have pils(a bad cough, a dry cough, a sore stomach a pain in the small of my back).
      ﹛﹛我有痔疮ㄗ剧?#19994;醴人啥?#24178;咳ㄛ胃痛ㄛ腰背部痛ㄘ﹝

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