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      雅思阅读医学类基本常用词汇

      来源中国护士网  作者www.0896951.com  (查看评论)

        1) backbone/spine 脊椎

        The backboneor spine 脊骨或脊柱

        2)sputum 唾液、痰

        3)esophagus 食道管

        4)skull 颅骨 脑壳 头脑 智能

        thick skull 头脑迟钝

        skull and cross-bones (表示危险的)骷髅图;[古]海盗旗

        The terms saturated fat has become a skull and crossbones in people's minds.

        疾病名称部分

        1)diabetes 糖尿病 (=diabetes mellitus)

        2)hypertension 高血压 hypotension 低血压

        Hypertension and diabetes can cause havoc(破坏) in other ways.

        高血压和糖尿病可能在其它方面造成大的破环。

        3)chronic 慢性病

        4)heart disease 心脏病

        5)heartburn 胃痛 胃灼热

        6)stroke 中风

        7)stiffneck 落枕

        A stiff neck with a fever is one of the first symptoms of meningitis(?#38405;?#28814;),an inflammation(发炎、?#23383;? of the brain and spinal-cord(脊髓) coverings.

        8)cholera 霍乱

        9)wheezing 哮喘

        其他相关部分

        1)hormone 荷尔蒙, 激素

        Menopausal women should seek hormone replacement therapy.

        更年期的妇女应尝试荷尔蒙补充?#21697;─?/p>

        2)acid 酸 酸性的 (acid base balance 酸碱平衡)

        3)valve 阀门 瓣膜

        4)melamine 三聚氰胺

        5)cholesterol 胆固醇

        The saturated (饱和)fats raise blood cholesteroland contribute to heart disease,while the unsaturated fats in vegetable oil and fish oil lower the risk of heart disease.

        6) LDL: low density lipoprotein 低密度脂蛋白

        HDL: high density lipoprotein 高密度脂蛋白

        Most nutritionists recommend the monounsaturated(单一不饱和的) fats in olive and canola oils(玉米油) because they slightly lower LDL and slightly raise HDL.

        When eaten instead of junk food high in saturated fats (like potato chips and doughnuts), nuts lower blood levels of triglyceridesand LDL (bad)cholesterol while raising HDL (good) cholesterol -- a perfect formula for preventing heart disease.

        用干果取代含有大量饱和脂肪的^垃圾 ̄食品(如薯片和炸面圈)就可以降低血液中甘油三酯和低密度脂蛋?#26894;?#22266;醇(有害的)的水平同时提高高密度脂蛋?#26894;?#22266;醇的水?#20581;?#36825;是预防心脏病的完美方法。

        7)carbohydrate 碳水化合物 糖类

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